Your child and smartphone: the benefits, harm and myths
Decreased physical activity and developmental problems
Long and daily “freeze” at the screen of the tablet reduces the physical activity of the child. If we are talking about a two-year plan, this can be a real catastrophe for both physical and mental development. The child learns the world, actively moving: climbing into all possible angles, exploring tactile, visually and to taste everything that gets in the way. Yes, it is terribly tiring you. Therefore, half an hour of respite for parents in the form of cartoons for a child is not a crime against his development.
However, it is important to control the time spent with gadgets and remove electronic devices in time. Let at least sometimes a child smear with dirt, trying to eat sand on the playground, doing destruction in a house, tyrannizing a cat and crying because he is not allowed to break his father's passport. Alas, this is a necessary component of the development of the baby. But after a few years, thanks to this “research experience”, he will be able to deftly operate with numbers, images and phrases, delighting you with school performance.
The World Health Organization reports that electronic devices can disrupt sleep patterns. This statement requires further research. However, insomnia from the evening interaction with gadgets seems quite logical: the light of the screen hits the retina, and the message is hurried to the brain: “To sleep early, it’s light outside”. This reduces the production of melatonin - a substance without which it will not be possible to fall asleep soundly and fully relax at night.
In addition, it is important to understand that in the brain of all children, the mechanisms of inhibition are not very well developed. This means that anyone, even the kindest Soviet cartoon, can make a strong impression on a child. And this inevitably means the predominance of excitation processes in the brain. The result - jumping on the bed, laughter, turning into tears, a complete unwillingness to calm down and go to bed. If a tendency to overexcitement is noticed behind the child, it is better to replace the evening cartoon with reading a book.
Problems with the spine
Alas, the interaction with the electronic device in the child in most cases is accompanied not by the physiological posture itself.For the spine, which has not yet completed its formation, this can be an additional burden. Particularly hard for the cervical and lumbar. This is another reason why you should not allow a child to sit too long with a gadget. The optimal time for a child from 2 years old is no more than half an hour. After watching the cartoons, you can play a mobile game with your baby - this will help to compensate for the load on the spine.
Obviously, with adolescents this task is more complicated. But here you can agree. For example, limit the time of online chatting or watching a TV show to one or two hours, and then play a game console together with an interactive application where they compete in dancing or jumping.
Long sitting at the screen of the electronic device causes a spasm of accommodation - an imbalance of the system, which allows you to see equally clearly both near and far. Her work helps to restore physical activity. For example, the game "Who will do more pushups" or a hike in the pool. Another useful to look into the distance, on the horizon line. Therefore, a walk does not hurt either.
Breaking a normal relationship with food
With the advent of electronic devices, the problem of "feeding a child" seemed to have been solved. Smokalistye parents include a favorite cartoon of the baby and under the noise shoved into him nutritious soups, cereals, boiled vegetables and God knows what else.
Teenagers do not part with their smartphones even for a family dinner, alternating the absorption of dinner with huskies and comments.
The result is a "knocked-down sight" of a feeling of saturation. The child does not have time to feel the moment when he is full. Another problem is the lack of fixation on taste sensations. As a result, the child gets up from the table seemingly full, but without understanding what he ate and how much. If you do not teach him to consider every meal important enough to turn off the TV and put aside the smartphone, overeating will become systematic.
Electronic devices and children: is there any benefit?
And yet gadgets carry a lot of positive things for a child:
Half a century ago it was difficult to imagine the availability of virtually any information. Today we have the opportunity to ask the search engine why the sky is blue and the blood is red. You can show a four-yearhow the visual analyzer works: in a few seconds to find a learning cartoon, where it is clear and easy to explain how a ray of light enters through all the transparent mediums of the eye onto the retina. You can find useful articles for the school report. And finally, to see "Harry Potter" in English, at the same time to tighten the language. There is a dark side to this infinite information field: it becomes more difficult to control the circle of friends and information that a child receives, the older it is.
Communication skills with electronic devices
Perhaps in a few years the need to write by hand will disappear in most professions. Doctors will switch to electronic medical records, officials will begin to work only with electronic documentation. Business correspondence has been happening in messengers and e-mail for a long time. Therefore, it is not as significant as the child will have a beautiful handwriting. But it is really important that the child knows how to use the search engine, separates reliable information from the "garbage" and understands that there is a certain ethics of communication on the web.
Training of memory, attention, fine motor skills
The use of educational applications can help in the development of the child. The main thing is not to believe the description and the reviews, but to check everything in practice.
Myths about the dangers of electronic devices
"They cause dependence"
Electronic devices give the child information in "ready" form. The kid does not need to strain to read a fairy tale or imagine her characters: a group of professionals have already done everything for him. Therefore it is logical that the child will prefer viewing the cartoon to an independent reading of the book. In part, this is perceived philosophically, as a manifestation of informational evolution. We are unlikely to return to birch bark and scrolls from papyrus as carriers of important information.
The exchange of valuable information is moving towards maximum visualization. The world will be ruled by images that are understandable from the first second, and not multivolume novels on abstract themes. Therefore, you should not take the child’s desire to spend a lot of time with your tablet as a manifestation of dependence.
Five-year-old wants to learn the world in the easiest way for himself: through clear pictures. And a compromise here can be found in the search for development programs and limiting the time of interaction with the gadget (about half an hour a day). The main rule is priority to quality, not quantity.And the presence of an adult with a child in moments of watching cartoons or developing games. This greatly increases the effectiveness of the interaction of the child with an electronic device, because an adult can answer the child’s questions and explain what is happening on the screen.
A teenager with the help of his smartphone not only learns a lot of new things, he also masters social networks, which means he knows the ethics of communication. And you can help him, keeping with him an open and trusting relationship, as well as forming reasonable boundaries of what is permitted.
"From mobile phones is brain cancer"
The World Health Organization has not found convincing data that would prove the link between the impact of mobile phones and the occurrence of brain tumors. Official information from the organization states: "Studies conducted to date do not contain any indication that radio frequency fields increase the risk of cancer or any other disease."
Rules for the interaction of the child with gadgets:
- Determine the boundaries. Agree on how much time a child can spend with your smartphone or tablet.Create rules that the whole family complies with. For example, "for dinner, we leave the smartphones in another room."
- Be with the child. For pre-schoolers, this will help make important discoveries and avoid unwanted content. With teenagers it’s harder: you’ll have to find a reasonable balance between the child’s personal space and control. Here, involvement in his interests, a little empathy and a sense of humor helps a lot.
- Do not go to extremes. Electronic devices have become an important part of everyday life. And every year they will occupy more and more space in our lives. However, this does not exclude the time free from gadgets, when the focus is only on communication with loved ones, tasty food and, for example, board games.
Date: 08.10.2018, 09:38 / Views: 34263
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