Should you get a hepatitis vaccine?
Viral hepatitis is a serious disease that can lead to the development of a chronic form of the disease, and such deadly diseases as liver failure, liver cirrhosis, and cancer.
What hepatitis is being vaccinated
There are several types of hepatitis, but one of the most common today is hepatitis B, or viral hepatitis, for which vaccination is the prevention.
The hepatitis B virus is transmitted through physiological fluids, including through blood. A newborn from a sick mother may be infected during childbirth, the virus can enter the blood through wounds, bites or cuts. You can become infected through personal hygiene items that could contain the blood of a virus carrier, such as nail scissors, razors, and even toothbrushes. The hepatitis B virus is also transmitted sexually, the incidence rate among drug addicts is high, when using non-disinfected needles and syringes.
Even with all personal precautions, the risk of contracting hepatitis in an ordinary person is large enough.Now there is no compulsory vaccination, each person decides for himself whether a vaccine against hepatitis is needed, however, a reasonable solution would still be to vaccinate. Indeed, in most cases, we can talk about your life or the life of your children.
Vaccination is one of the most effective prophylactic against hepatitis B. A person is injected with a synthetic substance that does not pose an infectious hazard, even if the body is weakened or the immune system is deficient. In addition, when vaccination against hepatitis is given, side effects are practically excluded. Only in a negligible percentage of cases an allergic reaction can occur, but this risk applies to all vaccinations carried out.
When Hepatitis Inoculation Is Being Made
Vaccination against hepatitis B is carried out in three doses. In accordance with the Russian vaccination schedule, the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine is administered immediately after the baby is born, then the vaccination should be repeated after one month, and then again after six months. Terms of vaccination should be strictly adhered to, otherwise, vaccination will be ineffective.Adults who have not been vaccinated in childhood and have not previously had hepatitis, vaccination is carried out up to 55 years.
Hepatitis B vaccine contributes to the formation of a strong immunity in the body, which throughout life serves as a reliable protection against the virus. Whether a vaccine against hepatitis is compulsory, each person decides on his own. In maternity homes, before the vaccine is introduced into the newborn, the mother takes written consent, and no one will inculcate an adult against his will. However, given the almost complete absence of contraindications and the reliable protection from the virus, which is guaranteed by timely vaccination, the refusal of vaccination is at least unwise.
In accordance with the recommendations of physicians, all children need to receive the first dose of vaccination at birth, and before they reach one and a half years, complete a course of hepatitis B vaccinations, consisting of 3 or 4 doses (depending on medical indications, state of immunity and general condition of the child�s body). Vaccination is also recommended for all adults who are under the age of fifty-five and who for some reason have not received a course of vaccinations in childhood.Vaccination is so safe that it can be used even for pregnant women, without the risk of harming the fetus.
Where the hepatitis B vaccine is given depends on the procedural nurse. The vaccine is injected intramuscularly, because the injection can be done in the thigh, under the scapula, in the gluteal muscles, etc.
Contraindications and precautions
Contraindications to vaccination may be the fact that a person has a strong allergy to any of the components that make up the vaccination, for example, to food yeast. In any case, if you have ever had a strong allergic reaction, be sure to inform your doctor before starting vaccination. Only a specialist will be able to accurately determine whether to vaccinate against hepatitis. In addition, it is not recommended to vaccinate if the patient has viral or colds, fever, and other signs of the disease.
Date: 09.10.2018, 07:32 / Views: 44183
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