How to End a Letter in German
Communicating in a language that is not your native one can present various challenges, especially when it comes to written expressions. Knowing how to begin and end a letter in a foreign tongue is important because it signals your familiarity with the language and with the culture. Much like in English, German also has standard phrases to conclude a letter. Read on to find out more about how to end a letter in German.
Understanding Your Audience
Be aware of your audience's age.Language is constantly changing, and this is reflected in verbal as well as written communication. For older generations, it's always safer to go with a more formal letter structure and ending. For younger generations, you might be able to remain more colloquial.
- A good rule of thumb is to be more formal (yes, even in informal letters) with people 60 years of age and older.
Establish how many people you're writing to.Sometimes, your audience will be one person but sometimes you might have to address a group of people. Though this point might matter most for the body and addressing of the letter, it can also help you further define an appropriate ending.
Know how familiar the recipient of the letter is with German.You can choose a more intricate ending if your recipient is a native speaker or has advanced familiarity. But stay with a clear and concise one if your reader only has a working knowledge of the language.
Part 1 Quiz
What should you consider when writing your letter?
Establishing The Tone Of Your Letter
Determine if your letter is formal.If you wrote to someone you don't know well or at all, your letter will most likely be formal. It's very important to keep this in mind, not only for the body of the letter, but especially for the ending.
- Formal: examples might be your boss, a co-worker, an organization, and anyone you've had limited to no interaction with.
Determine if your letter is informal.Writing your best friend or mom? Your letter will likely be informal.
- Informal: examples might be family and friends, and anyone you feel very comfortable with.
Understand the spectrum of formality.Once you've decided that your letter is formal or informal, it's time to zone in on the degree of formality. In other words, writing a letter to your boss might have a different ending than a letter to the President. And writing a letter to your significant other might take a different ending than a letter to your mother or father.
Part 2 Quiz
True or False: You should use a more formal ending for a letter to your boss.
Selecting An Appropriate Ending
Write a friendly/polite line before the actual closing phrase.You might want to thank your reader for his or her time, or say that you look forward to her or his feedback (in a formal letter), or simply say that you miss them very much (in an informal letter). Keep in mind, the first three suggestions are formal while the last three are informal. Here are some ways to wrap up your letter before the ending phrase,:
- Ich bedanke mich bei Ihnen im Voraus (I thank you in advance).
- Ich würde mich freuen, bald von Ihnen zu hören (I look forward to hearing from you soon)
- Für weitere Auskünfte stehe ich Ihnen gerne zur Verfügung (I am readily available should you require additional information)
- Ich freue mich auf Deine Antwort (I look forward to your reply).
- Bitte antworte mir bald (Please write back soon).
- Melde dich bald (Get in touch with me soon).
Choose a formal ending phrase if you've determined that your letter is a formal one.Here are the most commonly used ones. Keep in mind, the first closing sentence should only be used for very formal occasions:
- Hochachtungsvoll (With the highest regards/reverence)
- Mit freundlichen Grüßen (Sincerely)
- Mit besten Grüßen (With best regards)
- Mit freundlichen Empfehlungen (With friendly compliments)
- Freundliche Grüße (Kind regards)
Choose an informal ending for more casual correspondence.The first three closing phrases are fairly informal while the last four are very informal:
- Freundliche Grüße (Polite regards)
- Mit herzlichen Grüßen (With heart-felt regards)
- Herzliche Grüße (Heart-felt regards)
- Ich drück Dich (I hug you)
- Alles Liebe (All that is lovely to you)
- Bis bald (See/talk/write to you soon)
- Ich vermisse Dich ( Miss you)
Sign your name after the concluding line.The last step is to sign your name and send your letter!
Part 3 Quiz
Which of the following means "sincerely"?
QuestionHow do you say 'from Tess'?Community Answer"Von Tess" is how you say "From Tess" in German.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I say "I look forward to hearing from you."?Community Answer"Ich freue mich darauf, von dir zu hören." is German for "I look forward to hearing from you."Thanks!
QuestionIs it proper to say "I look forward to keeping our appointment" in a German letter?Community AnswerYes, say "Ich freue mich auf unseren Termin."Thanks!
QuestionHow do I say "best wishes" at the end of a birthday card?wikiHow ContributorCommunity Answer"Die besten wünsche" is German for "best wishes." You can also just say, "viele wünsche," which means lots of wishes.Thanks!
QuestionIs there a different etiquette for emails?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerNo, not really. Any letter you write should be written the same way regardless of whether it's sent online or in the mail.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I say "I live in Southwest England"?Community Answer"Ich lebe im Südwesten Englands."Thanks!
QuestionHow do I begin a letter in German?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerStart by writing the address and date on the top right. Unlike English, the address all on one line. You can then start the actual letter a line down with Leibe or Leiber (for female and male respectively) to address the person. Skip a line and then write a small introduction.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I close a letter "with love" in German?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYou can write "Liebe Grüsse", or if it's even more informal, the commonly-used short form is "LG".Thanks!
Sources and Citations
In other languages:
Español: , Português: , Русский: , Français: , Bahasa Indonesia: , Italiano:
Video: Writing a casual letter in German - www.germanforspalding.org
Gucci Fragrances (Finally)Online
40 Gallifreyan Tattoo Designs For Men – Doctor Who Ink Ideas
What Eating an Entire Pint of Ice Cream Does to Your Body
The 10 Best Cities For Walking
Rihannas Most Iconic Looks Of All Time
Marc By Marc Jacobs SpringSummer 2015 Collection – New York Fashion Week
How to Run for Mayor
How to Stop Efflorescence
Anna Victoria Just Shared Two Photos That Prove The Number On The Scale Isnt Everything
Attention Vegans: Free People Is Making Vegan Shoes
How to Make Your Own Glitter Sneakers - Step-By-Step DIY Tutorial
4 Ways to Remove Sod
How to Fit in With the Cool Kids
38 Benefits Of Lime (Kaccha Nimbu) For Skin, Hair, And Health
How to Buy Butternut Squash