Eyelet to eyelet - purl and face loops
knitting- one of the oldest types of needlework, thanks to which it became possible to make warm clothes of various sizes and shapes. Initially, the hand-rolled threads were interlaced with fingers, and then thin, strong sticks of hard wood were used. But today we will speak not about the needles, but about what they can create - loops.The following steps are performed with each eyelet in a row. If the second, and third, and all subsequent rows knit only with facial stitches, we get a classic cloth cloth.Of course, to create real masterpieces with knitting needles,only a face loops knitter will not be enough, so after mastering them, you can safely proceed to the study of the purl loops.A working needle is inserted into the loop of the previous row from the rear edge (see photo). Next, the working needle grasps the thread, and stretches through the loop of the previous row.In the photo, a red arrow denotes a knitted purl loop. It should be left on the right spoke. The blue arrow indicates the loop, which after pulling the working thread must be removed from the left knitting needle. If you tie all the rows with only the wrong loops, the canvas will look the same as when you sew with the front ones - you will get a classic garter stitch.The wrong side of such canvases is completely covered with "lambs" of loops. This type of canvas can often be seen only on the seamy side of knitted items. However, in some cases, it is used as a facial basis for the removal of braids.Smooth canvas is considered the most dense among other types of knitted fabrics. However, he also has disadvantages - the edges of the products, connected with satin stitch, curl.It is used for the bottom of the product, neckline, cuffs. It also makes excellent belts that do not curl even after washing. A little different looks like an elastic band tied in a 2: 2 pattern - its strips are wider.This canvas has a lower elasticity compared to the previous version, but it is very often used for the design of necklines, cuffs, as well as to highlight the waistline on elongated products.
The most important loops for knitting on knitting needlesThere are two main types of loops to master which need at the stage of development of knitting with needles - facial and purl. They are the basic elements for the compilation of any type of canvas: the garter - consists of rows connected only by facial loops; smooth - consists of alternating rows of purl and facial loops; elastic (elastic) - consists of successively alternating facial and purl loops inone row; openwork - knitting, one row of which is made of a combination of facial double loops and nakidov, and the other one is knitted only with wrong loops; relief (with braids) - consists of alternating strips of the front and back surfaces, while in the same row the front elements periodically intersect or intertwine; flat fantasy - is a pattern consisting of systematic sections of the back and front surface. Finally, without the ability to knit facial and purl loops, novice craftswomen will not be able to master the creation of multi-colored knitted patterns, which are known as Norwegian or Nordic motifs in the form of stars, deer, snowflakes and flowers. In a word, knowing how to knit only facial and purl loops, you can create real handmade masterpieces that, in addition to aesthetic pleasure, will give the owner of a knit thing warm in its usual sense, and a sense of comfort.
Facial loops - how to knitThe first loops with which you need to become closely acquainted with the beginning master woman are facial ones. It is very simple to make them - for this you need to have more or less developed assiduity and attentiveness.So, we have needles with dialed loops, a working thread is placed behind the future canvas. For vyvyazyvaniya facial loops perform the following manipulations: 1. The working needle is inserted into the loop from the front edge (the one that is closer to the knitter). 2. Cling the spokes with the tip of the working thread from top to bottom. 3. We pull the loop of the working thread through the loop on the needle. And here is the first front loop is ready - it is located on the right needle (working) and marked with a red arrow, and on the left there is a loop that is about to become an element of the previous row (indicated by a blue arrow ). It needs to be thrown off the left-hand spokes so that the work goes on.
The purl loops - the technology of their creationThe purl loops are a mirror image of the face loops, and therefore mastered the previous one the kind of knitting masters will not have difficulties. The starting position for loosening such loops is in fact the same as when knitting a weaving cloth, but the working thread is tossed to the front side of the work, closer to the master.
Combinations of the front and back loopsAfter the front and purl loops will be mastered quite well, you can begin to combine them. This will make it possible to obtain knitted fabrics of different structure and characteristics.
The front and the back surfaceThe most common combination of front and back loops can be seen in a smooth canvas. You can tie this canvas, if you alternate the rows of facial loops with the purl rows. His face looks like pigtails pressed together. It is the facial smoothness used when tying out multicolored patterns.
Eraser or elastic canvasThis type of knitting is used to design the edge of a knitted thing, as it has a high elasticity and is excellent sets the shape of the entire product. The drawing of an elastic canvas is alternating strips of the front and purl. They can be of different widths. The most popular knitters gum 1: 1, 2: 2, 2: 3, 3: 3, where the first number corresponds to the number of facial loops, and the second - the wrong in rapport. This is how the simplest and most “stinging” elastic band, connected in a 1: 1 scheme, looks like.
Textured knitting - flat and embossed patternsGetting textured, that is, artistically decorated knitted canvases - for the sake of which, they most often begin to get acquainted with this kind of needlework. It can be flat or embossed, complex or relatively simple, but in any case, to create it, you will need to master the technique of tying facial and seam loops almost perfectly. The easiest to play textured binding is flat. At the same time, certain parts of the canvas are a purl, while others are the front surface. The most common example of flat textured knit is the “Chess” pattern (see the next photo), connected in 3: 3 pattern with 3 turns alternating in a sequence.
The main advantage of such patterns is the simplicity of creation and the ability to create exclusive patterns. Another option for flat textured binding is the "Rice" pattern. It is knitted according to the 1: 1 scheme (the front loops alternate with the purl in each row). In fact, this pattern fits in the same way as a 1: 1 elastic band, but in each row the purl loops need to be knitted over the purl, and the face loops - over the face loops.A bit more difficult in terms of labor costs is the vyvyazyvanie relief patterns - braids, interlacing bands. The main "field" in this mating is the purl, and the protruding (convex) elements are knitted by the facial satin. To get a really embossed pattern, the craftswoman will need additional knitting needles. They can be used to change the direction of the element.To get the same braids as in the photo above, knitting is started according to the scheme for gum 2: 4. The seamy surface will be narrower, and the front, respectively, wide. Having knitted several rows, they carry out a re-baptism of the “pillar” of facial loops.To do this, when working on the front side, 2 of 4 loops are removed on the auxiliary needle and left in front of the canvas, and the two remaining loops of the element are knitted with facial loops.Then knit the loops (also facial) removed on the auxiliary needle. This is done with every scythe.Then the cycle is repeated several times until the craftswoman completes her creative ideas. Another area of application for face and purl loops is the creation of openwork patterns. They are rightfully considered the most difficult milestone in knitting, since their schemes consist of a combination of knitted facial loops in odd rows and purl loops in even rows. In fact, lace knitting is a great way to give things lightness and a special charm, since holes appear on it. To create a classic "grid" alternate nakid and two loops connected together. To create more complex patterns, the scheme includes a facial smooth surface.If you divide the nakid and twining loops with several loops look, you can get a beautiful effect of oblique or oblique knitting. In more detail about this technique we will tell in another article. Have a nice work, lovers of knitting needles and knitted masterpieces!
Date: 11.10.2018, 19:07 / Views: 33334
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