Analysis of the novel "The Master and Margarita"

The novel “The Master and Margarita” is the central work of all the works of MA. Bulgakov. This novel has an interesting artistic structure. The novel is set in three plot lines. This is the realistic world of Moscow life, and the Yershalaim world, which takes the reader to distant events and times, as well as the fantastic world of Woland and his entire retinue. Of particular interest is the analysis of the novel "The Master and Margarita", with the help of it you can better feel the whole philosophical significance of this work.

Genre originality of the novel

In its genre, The Master and Margarita is a novel. His genre originality is revealed as follows: socio-philosophical, fantastic, satirical novel in the novel. This work is social because it reflects the last years of the NEP in the USSR. The place of action is Moscow, not academic, not ministerial and not party-governmental, but philistine, communal-household.

For three days in Moscow, Woland, with his entire retinue, studied the mores of the most ordinary Soviet people. As conceived by the communist ideologues, these people were supposed to represent a new type of citizens who are free from social weaknesses and diseases.

Satire in the Master and Margarita

The life of Moscow inhabitants in the novel is described by the author extremely satirically. Here devil punishes careerists, grabbers, combinators. They "flourished splendidly," taking advantage of the benefits of "healthy soil of Soviet society."

The author gives a description of the spiritual life of society in parallel with the satirical image of crooks. First of all, Bulgakov was interested in the literary life of Moscow. The bright representatives of the creative intelligentsia in this work are the literary official Mikhail Berlioz, inspiring the young members of MOSSOLIT, as well as the semi-literate and extremely self-confident Ivan Bezdomny, who considers himself a poet. The satirical depiction of cultural figures is based on the fact that their greatly overestimated self-conceit is not consistent with their creative achievements.

The philosophical meaning of the novel "The Master and Margarita"

Analysis of the work reveals the great philosophical content of the novel. Here scenes from ancient times are intertwined with descriptions of Soviet reality. The mutual relations between the procurator of Judea Pontius Pilate, the all-powerful governor of Rome, and the poor preacher Yeshua Ha-Notsri reveal the philosophical and moral content of this work of Bulgakov. It is in the collisions of these heroes that the author sees a vivid manifestation of the combative ideas of evil and good. Elements of fiction help Bulgakov to more fully reveal the ideological idea of ​​the work.

Analysis of the novel's episode

The analysis of the episode "The Master and Margarita" can help you to feel more deeply this work. One of the most dynamic and vivid episodes of the novel is the flight of Margarita over Moscow. Margarita faces a goal - to meet with Woland. Before this meeting, she was allowed to fly over the city. Margarita was seized by an amazing feeling of flying. The wind liberated her thoughts, thanks to which Margarita was transformed in the most amazing way. Now the reader gets the image of not a timid Margarita, a hostage of the situation, but a real witch with a fiery temperament, ready to commit any crazy act.

Flying past one of the houses, Margarita looks into the open windows and sees two women swearing about household trifles. Margarita says: "Both of you are good," which indicates that the heroine will not be able to return to such an empty life. She became alien to her.

Then the attention of Margarita was attracted by the eight-story “House of Drumlit”. Margarita learns that it is here that Latunsky lives. Immediately after this, the fervent temper of the heroine develops into witch fury. It was this man who destroyed the beloved Margarita. She begins to take revenge on Latunsky, and his apartment turns into a mash filled with water from broken furniture and broken glass. Nothing can stop and calm Margarita at this moment. So, the heroine transfers her heart-rending state to the world around her. In this case, the reader meets with an example of the use of alliteration: "fragments ran down", "real rain began to fall", "whistled furiously", "the doorman ran out". Analysis of "The Master and Margarita" allows you to delve into the hidden meaning of the work.

Suddenly, the excesses of the witch comes to an end. She sees in the window of the third floor a little boy in a crib. Frightened child causes Margarita's motherly feelings that are inherent in every woman. Together with them she feels awe and tenderness. So, her state of mind after a mind-blowing debacle normalizes. She is very relaxed and leaves Moscow with a sense of accomplishment. It is easy to see the parallelism in the description of the environment and mood of Margarita.

The heroine behaves fiercely and frantically, being in a bustling city, in which life does not stop for a minute. But as soon as Margarita is surrounded by dewy meadows, ponds and verdant forests, she finds peace of mind and balance. Now it flies slowly, smoothly, reveling in flight and enjoying the opportunity to enjoy all the charm of a moonlit night.

This analysis of the episode of The Master and Margarita shows that this episode plays an important role in the novel. Here the reader observes the complete rebirth of Margarita.


Date: 08.10.2018, 19:19 / Views: 91364

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